The lack of vitamin B3 in the body can cause many ailments and diseases. Most of them are not associated with vitamin deficiency at all, we look for other reasons justifying constant fatigue, apathy, insomnia, nervous hypersensitivity, migraine, nausea, or diarrhea. Niacin deficiency (another name for vitamin B3) can cause skin changes, discoloration, acne, mouth ulcers, and contributes to the development of mycosis in the body. Depression, schizophrenia and ADHD are the most serious consequences of the lack of this vitamin.
Vitamin B3 a deficiency and diseases
Lack of niacin causes diseases mainly related to the nervous system:
- general weakness,
- memory difficulties,
- disorders of the nervous system: aggressive behaviour, outbursts of anger, anxiety, anxiety, depression, hyperactivity (ADHD of children living on sweets),
- disturbances in the cellular respiration process.
The second group of ailments are skin diseases:
- deterioration of skin condition,
- skin diseases,
- lip and mouth ulcers,
- discoloration (stains) on the skin,
- pelagra - so called lombardy erythema, manifesting itself in dermatitis and disorders of the digestive tract,
- increased skin sensitivity to sunlight,
Vitamin B3 requirements
The daily dose of the vitamin varies depending on the age and level of activity of the body:
- children adolescents - 5-12 mg,
- adults - 6.6 mg / per 1000 used kcal,
- persons performing heavy physical work and pregnant women - the dose increased by 3-6 mg.
The daily dose should not be exceeded, as an excess can be as harmful as a deficiency. Excessive amounts of niacin cause, among other things:
- redness of the skin,
- itching of the head,
- liver failure,
- heart arrhythmia and psychosis,
- loss of appetite,
- excessive concentration of uric acid,
- increase in plasma glucose content,
- dilatation of blood vessels.
Niacin in health prevention
We have already discussed the effects of vitamin B3 deficiency or lack of vitamin B3. It is worth making sure that the demand for niacin is met, because taking care of its proper level not only prevents the aforementioned ailments, but also allows to get rid of many dysfunctions. Vitamin can also be taken prophylactically (preferably with the knowledge and under the supervision of a doctor) prophylactically. In this way, we can prevent ourselves from doing so:
- menstrual pain,
- irregular menstruations,
- skin problems,
- migraine pains,
- circulatory problems,
- high blood pressure,
- dizziness in the Menier syndrome,
- high cholesterol levels,
- certain types of diabetes,
- a wheezing breath in asthma.
Vitamin B3 fights fungal infections
The presence of Candida albicans yeasts in our organisms is nothing special. Every other person carries it. As long as its cultures are not great, it is not particularly harmful to us. However, with the loss of vitamin B3, mycosis can develop.
Yeasts can be very dangerous for people suffering from AIDS, organ transplant patients or those undergoing chemotherapy. They can attack the whole system, and it is difficult for a weakened organism to defend itself against them.
How does vitamin B3 work?
Under its influence the enzyme Hst3p deacetyalysis, which yeasts use for growth, is blocked. In the course of the research it turned out that niacin not only inhibits enzyme activity, but also blocks the genes responsible for the development of yeasts. As a result, the yeasts weakened, the DNA structures were disturbed and further growth of colonies became impossible.
Vitamin B3 is not only effective for Candida albicans. It also inhibits the development of other fungi, e.g. dropidlaka (Aspergillus fumigatus). Dropidlak is a harmful fungus attacking the skin and lungs, it also intensifies attacks of bronchial asthma.
Influence of vitamin B3 on the alleviation of diseases related to the nervous system
The supply of niacin should be provided by people who often have migraines. This vitamin causes dilatation of blood vessels, so that the pain is milder or relieved. At the same time, it is worth remembering to limit substances blocking the absorption of vitamins, including sugar.
Vitamin B3 has a soothing effect on the nerves, it also improves the mental state. Thanks to it we sleep more easily and it is a good quality sleep (deep and uninterrupted), it has a relaxing and calming effect on us.
In medicine, vitamin B3 is used to treat mental disorders, especially in case of schizophrenia. In this disease the lack of niacin plays an important role, vitamin B3 deficiency is defined as schizophrenic state.
Niacin supports the cardiovascular system
The presence of vitamin B3 has a beneficial effect on blood quality, reduces the amount of LDL cholesterol ("bad cholesterol"), and increases the level of "good" HDL cholesterol. Taking daily doses of this vitamin helps to minimize the risk of heart and blood vessel diseases. Niacin is essential for the production of red blood cells by the body, it also expands blood vessels and participates in processes that give us energy to act.
Treatment of pelagics
Vitamin B3 takes part in the treatment of pelagic patients. It is a relatively rare disease with characteristic symptoms, such as:
- redness and skin lesions, which are manifested by spots and blisters,
- depressive states,
- the pelagra may eventually lead to death.